TMS is a noninvasive method that uses magnetic fields to activate nerve cells in the brain, alleviating symptoms of serious depression. The FDA has approved it for depression, OCD, migraines, and smoking cessation when traditional treatments have failed. Repetitive TMS (rTMS) is a treatment that includes administering repeated magnetic pulses. Other possible applications, such as epilepsy, are being researched. You can get in touch with Dr. Bryon K Evans for more information on this.
How does it work?
A magnetic coil is put on the scalp during a repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatment for depression to stimulate nerve cells in the brain’s mood regulation areas. This activates parts of the brain that are inactive during depression. “Deep TMS” stimulates deeper brain areas with a separate coil and is FDA-approved for OCD and smoking cessation. While the specific biology of TMS is unknown, it appears to increase mood and relieve depressive symptoms. As experts understand more about effective therapies, different TMS methods may evolve.
Depression can be treated, however, some people do not respond to typical therapies such as drugs and psychotherapy. When these therapies are ineffective, repetitive TMS is utilized. TMS is also used to treat OCD, and migraines, and to help people quit smoking when all other methods have failed.
Are there any risks associated?
Repetitive TMS is a noninvasive brain stimulation procedure that does not require surgery or anesthesia. Although it does not induce seizures or memory loss, it may have certain adverse effects.
Repetitive TMS is known to cause scalp discomfort, headaches, facial muscle twitching, and lightheadedness. Side effects are often minimal and improve with several sessions. If necessary, your practitioner might alter the stimulation level or provide pain medication. TMS may cause headaches in some circumstances, and treatments for patients who are prone to headaches or migraines may need to be discontinued.
Seizures, mania (in those with bipolar disorder), and hearing loss are common side effects of recurrent TMS if the ears are not well-protected during treatment. For a better understanding of the long-term negative effects of rTMS, more research is needed.
You can resume normal activities after rTMS therapy, and headaches may recur temporarily. Your depression symptoms may lessen within a few weeks if you are effective. As research advances, the effectiveness of rTMS may improve even more with improved procedures and brain stimulation approaches.